Rehabilitation Therapy is the clinical application of treatment for those suffering from a physical disability. Rehabilitation Therapy is meant to alleviate pain, improve function and health, and prevent disability. Rehabilitation Therapy is also calling physiotherapy and physical therapy and sometimes referred to as physical rehabilitation. It involves the application of techniques and principles of active therapy, which are used in the health sciences to cure, prevent and improve disorders of the musculoskeletal system. This field also includes interventions for the prevention or reduction of physical disability and improves the quality of life for patients.
Rehabilitation Therapy may include one or more of the following treatment strategies. Physical therapy mainly focuses on movement and the correction of deformities and other associated problems. Patients with muscular skeletal conditions like spasticity, quadriplegia or spondylolisthesis may receive this treatment. Rehabilitation also involves teaching the injured body part to heal itself. It may include weight training, stretching exercises and strengthening. Rehabilitation also allows patients to perform normal daily functions, such as climbing stairs, using the toilet or going to the washroom.
Musculoskeletal rehabilitation therapy aims to restore normal function after a traumatic physical injury. It includes treatments that address physical factors, specifically structure, function, the injured body part and the patient’s motivation for recovering. Physical therapists also use techniques and devices that promote the healing process. Treatment strategies may include weight loss, physiotherapy and other special exercises, immobilization, joint manipulation or surgery.
One major objective of Rehabilitation Therapy is to help patients regain strength and function. Patients may regain up to 90% of their former ability to do physical activities. Once a patient begins to progress, he or she should be monitored by a physician or other licensed professional to ensure that the progress is stable and that the patient is successfully rehabbing. The goals of rehabilitation therapy include restoring movement, function and confidence.
Occupational therapists work with patients who have neuromuscular disorders that affect muscle control, posture and balance. They help patients with injuries that affect the musculoskeletal system, including sports injuries, accidents and diseases. Occupational therapists help patients who are confined to beds, have poor posture or who have limited range of motion. They evaluate, diagnose, and recommend rehabilitation treatment for individuals who cannot walk or have been injured due to traumatic events. Occupational therapists work closely with patients, often working one on one with them, and they assist in therapy procedures, helping their patients to learn new skills, prepare for new activities, cope with pain and learn how to live with limitations. They can treat both acute and chronic pain.
Another specialty of Occupational Therapy is Cardiovascular Rehabilitation. This is a special field that is devoted to treating and preventing cardiovascular disease and to preventing or slowing the progression of cardiovascular disease. Occupational therapists also work with stroke and heart attack patients to help them regain strength and use of physical therapy in ways to restore function. Occupational therapy is the key area of healthcare that focuses on providing services that help patients regain strength and use of their physical abilities after an injury or surgery.